At your service...

iQ Prototype Systems is at your service.
Contact us via email or call us in-state toll-free between 9:00am and 5:00pm MT at 1.888.231.9393, Local 406.444.3095

Indian Education Contacts

Mandy Smoker Broaddus Mandy Smoker Broaddus
Director of Indian Education, 406.444.3013

Natalie RoweNatalee Hawks,
Title III Indian Education Specialist., 406.444.3482

Mike Jetty Mike Jetty
Indian Education Specialist, 406.444.0720

Jennifer Jennifer Stadum
Indian Education Implementation Specialist, 406.444.0725

Stephen MorsetteStephen Morsette
Indian Education Implementation Specialist, 406.444.0754

Sarah PierceSarah Pierce
American Indian Student Achievement Specialist, 406.444.0708

Donnie Wetzel, JrDon Wetzel, Jr.
Statewide Youth & Community Outreach Coordinator, 406.444.4527

Joan FrankeJoan Franke
Administrative Assistant, 406.444.3694

Questions or concerns about this webpage?
Please contact the OPI Help Desk at or 406.444.0087


Background Resources: Publications, Links, and Videos

Use the buttons on the left to explore multiple background resources grouped by type of resource: publications, links, videos.


2013 Indian Education Directory/pdf/indianed/resources/dirindianed.pdf

American Indian Music: More Than Just Flutes and Drums/pdf/IndianEd/Resources/09MoreThanDrums.pdf

American Indians 101: FAQ/pdf/indianed/resources/americanindians101.pdf

Article X and Indian Education For All/pdf/indianed/resources/ArticleX_IEFA.pdf

Essential Understandings Regarding Montana Indians: A Brief Narrative/pdf/IndianEd/Resources/essentialunderstandings.pdf

Fort Peck PlaceNames contains five interdisciplinary modules. These modules are written with the Montana content standards in mind and each module accomplishes several standards throughout the activities. Module 1 and Module 2 contain a literacy and social studies component that lends itself well to an interdisciplinary unit with social studies and language arts teachers. Module 3 and Module 4 focus on science, research, and critical media literacy skills. The technology and language arts components of Module 4 is an opportunity for the media center specialists or librarians, the English language arts teachers, computer science teachers, and science teachers to work together with students to accomplish the goals of the units. Module 5 is based in government and literacy.
* Please allow time to download

Funding Spectrum Guide: Indian Education for All Examples of activities suggested for IEFA funds (not intended as a definitive list). Also, please see Funding Spectrum Guide: Indian Education For All, listed above:

  • Indian Education for All guest speakers
  • Visiting experts from local tribes and tribal colleges
  • Peer mentoring or cooperative planning for instruction
  • Visits to cultural and historical sites with guidance from tribal experts
  • Purchase of books and materials that directly support implementation of IEFA
  • Book study groups/ literature circles emphasizing evaluation criteria
  • Planning time for development of Indian Education for All implementation
  • Planning time for familiarization with resources, including OPI website
  • Committee work on Indian Education for All curriculum and professional development
  • Registration and travel costs for conferences or stipends for professional development

History and Foundation of American Indian Education – “… hopes to spark an interest for the reader to further research what history is and says.” Author, Stan Juneau

The Indian Studies Law: An Exercise in Futility?/pdf/indianed/Indianstudies.pdf

Montana’s Landless Indians and the Assimilation Era of Federal Indian Policy: A Case of Contradictions
These lessons are designed with the objective of teaching students about the landless Métis, Cree, and Chippewa Indians in Montana between 1889 and 1916, while giving them an opportunity to do their own guided analysis of historical and primary source materials.

The Little Shell Tribe's America: Study Guide and Timeline -
/pdf/IndianEd/Search/Social Studies/LittleShellStudyGuide_OneRobe.pdf

Long Ago in Montana Teacher Guide for DVD. (Access the video) – /pdf/IndianEd/Resources/LongAgo_MT_guide_DVD.pdf

Montana Indians: Their History and Location/pdf/indianed/resources/MTIndiansHistoryLocation.pdf

Montana Museums and Montana Schools As Coeducators – an exciting partnership which supports new approaches and practices of cooperative teaching between museums and schools – /pdf/indianed/resources/10MarMuseums_Schools_Coed.pdf

Montana Tribal Histories: Educators Resource Guide and Companion DVD (After downloading the DVD file, right-click on the resulting icon and select the command "Extract all")

Individual Movies contained within the companion DVD for viewing online:

OPI Resources Sent to School Libraries - 2013-14

OPI Resources Sent to School Libraries and How to Locate Them- 2006-13

A Process Guide for Realizing Indian Education for All: Lessons Learned from Lewis & Clark Elementary School. Presents insights gained from a two-year process of implementing Indian Education for All into an urban elementary school. Topics covered include: Integrating Indian Education as a Form of Place-based Multicultural Education, Securing School-based Commitment and Teamwork, Partnering with Indian People, Intercultural Communication – Essence of Indian/non-Indian Partnerships and Supporting Teachers to Cross Over the Tipping Point. – /pdf/IndianEd/08ProcessGuide.pdf

The Story of the Bitterroot/pdf/indianed/resources/BitterrootLesson.pdf

Talking Without Words Teacher Guide (Access the video) – /pdf/IndianEd/Resources/TalkingWithoutWords_DVD.pdf

The Framework: A Practical Guide for Montana Teachers and Administrators Implementing Indian Education for All: The Framework provides a practical guide for understanding high quality implementation of Indian ducation for All. Through thoughtful and effective implementation of Indian Education for All, all Montana students can be informed about the unique cultural heritages and shared history of our state and the contemporary lives and historical contributions of Montana Indian tribes. /pdf/IndianEd/Resources/Framework_ImplementationGuide_IEFA.pdf

Tribal Lands in Montana: Montana Reservation Information Map – /pdf/IndianEd/Resources/TRIBALLands.pdf

The Tribal Nations of Montana: A Handbook for Legislators

Tribes of Montana and How They Got Their Names Teacher Guide (Access the video) – /pdf/IndianEd/Resources/Tribes_MT_guide_DVD.pdf

Your Guide to Understanding and Enjoying Powwows/pdf/IndianEd/Resources/PowWows.pdf


General Interest Links

Alaska Native Knowledge Network

Evaluation Guidelines for Web Sites about American Indian Peoples - addresses issues such as authenticity, appropriateness, respect, and assessing quality. Required reading for anyone planning a Native American Web site, or any Web site!

"honor your Self" Poster Series: The Office of Public Instruction is pleased to present the "honor your Self" poster series which features 22 American Indian role models from across the state of Montana. They represent a broad spectrum of experiences, colleges, careers, and paths to success. /programs/indianed/honor/

"Identity By Design: Tradition, Change and Celebration in Native Women’s Dresses" presents an array of Native women’s clothing from the Plains, Plateau and Great Basin regions of the United States and Canada, dating from the 1800s to the present. Be sure to check out the Resource link for a lesson plan dealing with traditional dress making on the Fort Peck reservation.

Impact Aid. Many local school districts across the United States include within their boundaries parcels of land that are owned by the Federal Government or that have been removed from the local tax rolls by the Federal Government, including Indian lands. Since 1950, Congress has provided financial assistance to these local school districts through the Impact Aid Program. and /Programs/Index.html?gpm=1_8

Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler, is an historically significant, seven volume compilation of U.S. treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to Native American Indian tribes.

Indian Country Today: Leading weekly newspaper about issues in Indian country –

Indian Education for All Literature Resource Guide from the Great Falls Public Schools – an annotated bibliography

The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Grades K-6

Indian Education, Tribal Colleges and Native Studies Programs: listings of over 100 Indian education resource sites –

Indian Reservations and Tribes in Montana: demographic and economic information for each reservation and tribe –!flie gathers all of the daily news concerning American Indian issues from across the United States –

Lewis & Clark Trail – Tribal Legacy Project: Digital Archive Presenting Tribal Perspectives On Our Shared History. From the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail and the National Park Service.

Mission US is a multimedia project that immerses players in U.S. history content through free interactive games. Mission 3: A Cheyenne Odyssey, focuses on the transformation of Northern Cheyenne life on the Great Plains from 1866 to 1876

Montana Arts Council

Montana Indian Law Portal developed by the Montana State Law Library. Access tribal specific information regarding legal issues. Site also includes brief video clips featuring youth from each reservation.

Montana Tribal History Timelines “Developed by Julie Cajune as part of the Montana Tribal History Projects (2010)”

 Montana Tribes Digital Archives: The Digital Archives features media including film clips from Regional Learning Project interviews and productions from Montana's Office of Public Instruction. Organized according to Montana's Essential Understandings, this material is presented as a freely accessible resource. An outline of the topic headings and subheadings is provided as a helpful guide for navigating the categories.

Montana–Wyoming Tribal Leaders Council: all Montana tribal government Web pages as well as Montana news pertinent to Montana Indian tribes

Nevada Indian Education Curriculum Resources:

Northwest Teacher: A publication of the Northwest Eisenhower Regional Consortium for Mathematics and Science devoted to rigorous and imaginative learning.

Since Time Immemorial, Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State curriculum

Multicultural Links

Echoes in the Electronic Wind: A Native American Cross-cultural Internet Guide –

Evaluation Guidelines for Web Sites about American Indian Peoples: addresses issues such as authenticity, appropriateness, respect, and assessing quality. Required reading for anyone planning a Native American Web site, or any Web site!

Four Directions Teachings -

Indian Country Today - Leading weekly newspaper about issues in Indian country - gathers all of the daily news concerning American Indian issues from across the United States

Multicultural Pavilion -

National Museum of the American Indian: Smithsonian Institution –

Native American Nations: website developed and maintained by Indian tribes –

Songs for Asking: Perspectives on Traditional Culture Among Nevada Indians by Nicholas CP Vrooman. Nevada State Council on the Arts

USC Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research: links to American Indian language sites and contains full text articles on various topics in Indian education –

Organization Links

Alaska Native Knowledge Network

Alliance For Curriculum Enhancement: Indian Education for All, sponsored by IEA grant monies.

American Indian College Fund: This site contains links to Montana's Tribal Colleges. "Educating the Mind and Spirit."

Big Sky Science Partnership: The Big Sky Science Partnership (BSSP) partners K–8 Schools, Tribal Communities and Institutions of Higher Education to strengthen elementary science education in Montana.

Governor's American Indian Nations (GAIN) Council

Montana Arts Council

Montana Historical Society

Montana Indian Business Alliance Conference (MIBA)

Montana Indian Education Association (MIEA)

National Indian Education Association

National Museum of the American Indian: Smithsonian Institution -

Native American Journalist Association

Native American Nations: website developed and maintained by Indian tribes –

Native American Research Lab: Biological Sciences, Native Science, Native Needs.

Native American Rights Fund (NARF): legal representation and technical assistance to Indian tribes, organizations and individuals.

Native Waters: an outreach program of Project WET International Foundation.

Northwest Teacher: A publication of the Northwest Eisenhower Regional Consortium for Mathematics and Science devoted to rigorous and imaginative learning.

The Regional Educational Laboratory Program operated by education northwest

TEDNA: Tribal Education Departments National Assembly

Tribal Colleges

Blackfeet Community College – Located on the Blackfeet Reservation in Browning, MT

Chief Dull Knife College – Located on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Lame Deer, MT

Aaniiih Nakoda College – Located on the Fort Belknap Reservation in Fort Belknap, MT

Fort Peck Community College – Located on the Fort Peck Reservation in Poplar, MT

Little Big Horn College – Located on the Crow Reservation in Crow Agency, MT

Salish Kootenai College – Located on the Flathead Reservation in Polson, MT

Stone Child College – Located on the Rocky Boy Reservation in Rocky Boy, MT