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There were 29 articles found in this category:

  1. questionWhich American Indian tribes are located on what reservations in Montana?
    Blackfeet Reservation: Blackfeet Crow Reservation: Crow Flathead Reservation: Salish, Pend d’ Oreille, Kootenai Fort Belknap Reservation: White Clay (Gros Ventre) and Assiniboine Fort Peck Reservation: Nakoda (Assiniboine) and Dakota (Sioux) Northern Cheyenne Reservation: Northern Cheyenn ...
  2. questionWho is an American Indian?
    Legally and politically, an American Indian is a member of a tribe. Each tribe creates its own membership requirements to determine whether an individual is eligible for enrollment. Membership criteria varies from a certain degree of American Indian/tribal blood quantum to community recognition ...
  3. questionWhat is a reservation?
    A reservation is a territory reserved by tribes as a permanent tribal homeland. Some reservations were created through treaties while others were created by statutes or executive orders.
  4. questionWhich term is more appropriate to use, American Indian or Native American?
    When referring to the indigenous peoples of Alaska or the 48 contiguous states of the United States, it is appropriate to use the terms “Alaska Natives” and “American Indians,” respectively. While the term “Native Americans” came into usage in the 1960’ ...
  5. questionAre American Indians citizens?
    Yes, American Indians are citizens of the tribal group of which they are a member. American Indians became citizens of the U.S. in 1924 through the American Indian Citizenship Act and are also citizens of the state in which they reside.
  6. questionWhat are tribal colleges and who can attend them?
    Tribal colleges exist on each of the seven reservations in Montana. They are: Fort Peck Community College,Fort Belknap College, Chief Dull Knife College (Northern Cheyenne), Little Big Horn College (Crow), BlackfeetCommunity College, Salish Kootenai College, and Stone Child College (Rocky Boy&rs ...
  7. questionWhat does the term achievement gap mean and who does it apply to?
    The achievement gap is a term used widely in national education circles to describe the persistent gaps between the academic achievements of different groups of children in the United States. In Montana this term applies predominately to the achievement levels of American Indian students as com ...
  8. questionDo American Indians pay taxes?
    Yes, both tribes and individual American Indians pay taxes. Individual American Indians pay federal incometaxes and other taxes such as fuel and tobacco taxes. American Indians who work on a reservation do not paystate income taxes because of the state’s inability to govern and tax America ...
  9. questionDo American Indians get money for just being American Indian?
    No, American Indians do not receive payments from the federal government simply because they have AmericanIndian blood. An American Indian person may receive distribution funds based on mineral or agricultural leaseincome on property that is held in trust by the United States or may represent co ...
  10. questionHow are Tribes organized?
    Tribes have the inherent right to operate under their own system of government. Tribal governments have diverse structures. Many have adopted constitutions, while others operate under Articles of Association or other bodies of law, and some still maintain traditional systems of government. The ...
  11. questionWhat does the term “Federally Recognized Tribe” mean?
    “Federal Recognition” is a legal term meaning that the United States recognizes a government-to-governmentrelationship with a tribe and that a tribe exists politically as a “domestic dependent nation.” A federally recognizedtribe is one that was in existence, or evolved a ...
  12. questionWhat is the relationship between the United States and the Tribes?
    The relationship between the tribes and the United States is one of a sovereign government to another sovereign government. This principle has shaped the entire history of dealings between the federal government, the states, and the tribes.The United States government entered into treaties with ...
  13. questionWhat is the Federal Indian Trust Responsibility?
    The Federal Indian Trust Responsibility is a legal obligation under which the United States has charged itselfwith moral obligations of the highest responsibility and trust toward American Indian tribes (Seminole Nation v.United States, 1942; Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831). Over the years, th ...
  14. questionWhat is the relationship between tribes and the states?
    Given that the United States and tribes have a sovereign government to sovereign government relationship, States do not have any power over tribes within their territories, and vice-versa. The U.S. Constitution vests authority over American Indian Affairs in the federal government and therefore ...
  15. questionWhat are Treaty Rights?
    From 1777 to 1871, United States relations with individual American Indian nations were conducted through treaty negotiations. These contracts among nations created unique sets of rights for the benefit of each of the treaty-making tribes and the U.S. government. Those rights, like any other tr ...
  16. questionHistorically, did all American Indians and Alaska Natives speak a common language?
    No, American Indians and Alaska Natives speak many diverse languages. At the end of the 15th century, more than 400 American Indian and Alaska Native languages were spoken. Today, some 250 tribal languages are spoken and many are written.
  17. questionWhen is American Indian Heritage Day?
    In 1997, the Montana Legislature passed into law MCA 20-1-306, designating the fourth Friday in September as American Indian Heritage Day. Under this law, schools are to conduct appropriate exercises during the school day. In addition, November is nationally designated as “Native American ...
  18. questionI am interested in teaching in Indian Education. How do I find information on applying for a position?
    Please go to the OPI home page, mouse over resources, and then click on the school jobs and employment. The jobs in Indian Education or that are in Indian Schools aren't separated by category. You will need to contact the schools themselves. Also, another place to look is the Montana Job Servic ...
  19. questionWhat is Indian Education for All?
    Documentation related to Indian Education for All can be found at the OPI website at: http://www.opi.mt.gov/Programs/IndianEd/Index.html. For those who cannot download PDF files on their computer, the full text of the law follows below: In 1999, the Montana Legislature passed into law HB 528, " ...
  20. questionWhere can I find resources for teaching about Montana’s Indians?
    The OPI Indian Education page http://www.opi.mt.gov/Programs/IndianEd/Index.html is a good place to get started. Also, there are some internet resources available, check the "Get Answers" section on the Indian Education Page for links to sources available on the web. The best sources of informat ...
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